Excerpt from the just published Bhagavad Gita, In the Light of Kashmir Shaivism, by Swami Lakshmanjoo . . .
DVD 4.3 (00:00)
Spande’pi, in Spanda śāstra also (the author of Spanda is Vasugupta; Vasugupta is the author of Spanda śāstra), in Spanda also it is said:
sadā sarvatra saṁsthitaḥ //2:4
It is bhoktā who has become bhogya. Bhoktā (the knower) has become the known; known is not separate from the knower. This is the manifestation of the knower that known is known. Known is known. The known is known [only because it] is the manifestation of the knower. Otherwise, if the manifestation of the knower would not [be accepted as the cause of the known], then the known could not be known. It would remain unknown. What?
SWAMIJI: Known would remain unknown to everybody.
JONATHAN: So you have to have both. You have to have known and knower.
SWAMIJI: [laughs] Yes.
JOHN: But which one comes first?
SWAMIJI: No, no. Knower. It is the act, it is the manifestation of the knower. It is [owing to] the manifestation of the knower that known has taken place. It is not both.
JOHN: So you have pramātṛ and then pramāṇa and then . . .
SWAMIJI: And prameya.
JOHN: . . . prameya. So pramāṇa and prameya are knowing and perceiving.
SWAMIJI: Pramāṇa and prameya are the manifestations of the knower (pramātṛ).
JOHN: Of known.
SWAMIJI: Knower! Knower!
JONATHAN: So without the knower, nothing can exist.
SWAMIJI: No [affirmative], without knower. Knower is the hero, the hero in this drama–the predominant hero.
Sarvāṇīndriyakarmāṇi . . . 27th and 28th śloka now.